Common Noun and Proper Noun with Examples

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In the realm of grammar, nouns have a prominent position as they are the building blocks of language, enabling us to refer to people, places, objects, and ideas. While we encounter various Types of Nouns in our daily conversations, two primary classifications stand out: common noun and proper noun with examples. Understanding the difference between these two categories is crucial to enhance our communication skills, English Grammar Knowledge, and express ourselves with precision. In this article, we will delve into the realm of common noun and proper noun, exploring their meanings, providing notable examples, and highlighting their significance in English Grammar language.

Common Nouns: The Essence of Everyday Language

Common nouns form the foundation of our language, serving as the generalized labels for people, places, things, and concepts that do not require specific identification. They are typically written in lowercase letters, except when they appear at the beginning of a sentence. Common nouns are common and applicable to a wide range of entities, making them highly versatile in everyday speech and writing.

Common Noun Examples:

CategoryCommon Noun Examples
Animalsdog, cat, elephant, bird
Fruitsapple, banana, orange, strawberry
Occupationsteacher, doctor, lawyer, chef
Vehiclescar, bicycle, bus, truck
Placescity, park, beach, restaurant
Objectsbook, chair, table, phone
Food and Drinkspizza, coffee, milk, sandwich
Coloursred, blue, green, yellow
Sportssoccer, basketball, tennis, golf
Seasonsspring, summer, autumn, winter

Read: Common Noun in Grammar

Proper Nouns: The Guardians of Individual Identity

As we have discussed about what is common noun along with its examples. A common noun is a type of noun that denotes to a general or non-specific person, place, thing, or idea. It does not specifically identify a particular individual, or object.

On the other hand, proper nouns are used to identify specific entities, distinguishing them from others of the same kind. Proper nouns are capitalized, regardless of their position in a sentence, emphasizing their significance and uniqueness. They pinpoint particular people, places, organizations, or events, providing them with individuality and specificity.

Proper Noun Examples:

  • John
  • Paris
  • Harry Potter
  • Oxford University
  • The Eiffel Tower
Common Noun and Proper Noun Chart with Pictures

Followings are common nouns and proper nouns, showing the difference with proper descriptions.

Common NounsProper NounsDescription
dogMaxA common noun representing a domesticated animal. Proper noun Max represents a specific dog.
cityLondonA common noun representing an urban area. Proper noun London refers to the capital city of England.
bookHarry PotterA common noun representing a written work. Proper noun Harry Potter refers to a specific book series and character.
teacherMs. JohnsonA common noun (TEACHER” representing a profession. Proper noun Ms. Johnson represents a specific teacher.
carToyota CamryA common noun “CAR” representing a mode of transportation. Proper noun Toyota Camry refers to a specific car model.
Meaning and Significance

Proper nouns carry vast meaning and importance in language. They enable us to refer to specific persons, locations, and things, allowing for clear and precise communication. Proper nouns grant uniqueness, capturing the essence of a person, place, or concept in a single word. For instance, when we say “London,” we instantly conjure up images of the renowned city in our minds, distinct from any other place on Earth. The usage of proper nouns aids in avoiding ambiguity and confusion, providing clarity in our conversations and written texts.

common noun and proper noun with examples

And Common and Proper Nouns: Partners in Communication

While common noun and proper noun differ in their level of specificity, they often work together within a sentence to convey complete information. Common nouns can be modified by proper nouns to provide additional framework and detail. Consider the sentence, “I read a book written by J.K. Rowling.” In this sentence, the common noun “book” is enhanced by the proper noun “J.K. Rowling,” clarifying the specific author and adding depth to the statement.

Common Noun and Proper Noun Examples:

  1. Common noun: fruit
  2. Proper noun: apple
  3.  Sentence: “I ate a delicious apple.”
  4. Common noun: animal
  5. Proper noun: lion
  6. Sentence: “The lion roared loudly in the jungle.”
  7. Common noun: country
  8. Proper noun: Australia
  9. Sentence: “I dream of visiting Australia one day.”
  10. Common noun: building
  11.  Proper noun: Taj Mahal
  12. Sentence: “The Taj Mahal is a breath-taking masterpiece of architecture.”


In the grand tapestry of language, common nouns and proper nouns serve distinct purposes. Common nouns act as the glue that holds our everyday conversations together, encompassing the vast majority of objects, people, and concepts we encounter. Proper nouns, on the other hand, infuse specificity and individuality into our language, enabling us to pinpoint particular entities with precision.